Seedlings can be hand pulled or covered with a geotextile fabric. Related Plants. Within Order, scientific names are presented ... Spartina alterniflora Smooth cordgrass Spartina patens Salt-marsh hay Spartinaspp. Distinctive features: Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is a perennial, spreading grass from one foot tall in spring to six or eight feet tall in fall. In a presentation at the N.C. Museum of Natural Sciences Nature Research Center in Raleigh, North Carolina, I cited a new Latin binomial, Sporobolus alterniflorus, for our well-known smooth cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora. var. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Higher taxon. Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae. A planthopper (prokelisia marginata), was released in Washington in 2000 as a biological control agent for smooth cordgrass and it has significantly reduced seed survival at some sites. Spartina alterniflora was introduced to the Yancheng coastal intertidal zone in 1979 (Xu et al., 1989), and a continuous area of S. alterniflora has formed since 2000. Scientific Name. 5 In areas of Washington, such as Padilla Bay, S. alterniflora appears to grow at lower tidal elevations than native salt marsh species; no other plants are found on the seaward side of S. alterniflora (Balthuis and Scott 1993; Wiggins and Binney 1987).Spartina usually occurs in a single species stand, although there can be community overlap at the edge of some salt marshes pilosa (Merr.) Do not purchase, plant, or trade this species. BASIONYM: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers. For over two hundred years, Smooth Cordgrass has been referenced in the genus Spartina. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Rhizomes, a type of underground stem, spread outwards from a cordgrass plant in all directions. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Habitat. Other scientific names. Grasses like spartina have hollow stems that distinguish them from sedges. (Poaceae) alterniflora Loisel. Common Names. … ), or other grasses like saltgrass (distichlis spicata), tufted hairgrass (deschampsia caespitosa), or American dunegrass (leymus mollis). This grass out competes native plant species, including rare and endangered plant species, reducing marsh biodiversity and ecology functions. As such, it is no surprise that this classification change has been slow to catch on in Coastal South Carolina. Saltwater to brackish marshes in intertidal zone. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. But how well did we really know our plant friend when we didn’t even have its name right? 2020. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. Yes. ABBREVIATION : SPAALT SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : SPAL COMMON NAMES : smooth cordgrass saltmarsh cordgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for smooth cordgrass is Spartina alterniflora Loisel. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, Columbia Basin Cooperative Weed Management Area, Invasive Species Research, Control, and Policy Forums, Washington’s Urban Forest Pest Readiness Plan, Lake Roosevelt Invasive Mussel Rapid Response Exercise, Scotch Broom Ecology and Management Symposium, Joseph BiTomaso, University of California – Davis, Bugwood.org, Wendy Brown, Department of Natural Resources, Leaves have flat blades and can be 1/4 to 3/5 inch wide and 12 to 20 inches long, Ligules, the outgrowth from the sheath of the leaf blade, consist of a fringe of hairs, Flowers grow from 4 to 16 inches tall and about 1/3 to 1 inch wide, each made up of 5 to 30 flowering spikes. New plants can grow from the outstretched rhizomes, eventually forming large patches. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. (Gramineae). smooth cordgrass. Those classifications were largely based on visible features of plants, where species were grouped together … off. Species. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Ecosystems. Scientific Name: Spartina Schreber. The word Spartina is derived from σπαρτίνη (spartínē), the Greek word for a cord made from Spanish broom (Spartium junceum). : Page(s): ... Any Name or TSN: Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . any name or code. Subordinate Taxa. There are no related plants for species Spartina alterniflora. For comments, suggestions or to report errors: txmarspecies@comcast.net, Emergent vegetation, grass; found in the intertidal zone; leaves wider than other. No. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. The Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board has listed spartina as a Class A noxious weed. Cordgrass is in parts in Puget Sound, Grays Harbor, and Willapa Bay. Scientific Name Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Spartina alterniflora (Smooth Cordgrass) 1-8 ft August - October Scirpus ... Scientific name Annotated ... Common name Plant height Blooming period This basic field guide illustrates the most common plants in Virginia’s tidal salt marshes where the salinity range is between 10-25 ppt. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Species. glabra (Bigelow) Fernald: Spartina glabra: Bigelow: Spartina may resemble native sedges (carex spp. Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. Created by Brenda Bowling, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. As of 2011, species include: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. on. Find out how. off. You can help prevent the spread of invasive species! Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Spartina Schreb. 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