There is a plan also to improve the capacity of teachers on the effective implementation of the … Also get our free e-book on the topic: 7 Guidelines to Successful Strategy Implementation. However, in 2008, Nigerian … It is also a Nigerian based unlike the foreign models we have been using that is alien to us. There were three problems in this area. As you can see, there are a lot of problems with physical health education in Nigeria. The fi ndings blame the distortions in the educational system on the ineffective implementation engendered primarily by lack of political will, lack of continuity of programs, and corruption. More often there are a number of issues militating against the implementation of government policies hence,  this has become a serious challenge anytime there is need for policy implementation. ii DECLARATION This research project is my … As Nigeria begin to use the diamond based shaped curriculum by Professor Enukoha, the curriculum process will be effectively developed. Your email address will not be published. Primary education is the core of development and progress in modern societies. This needs to be emphasized in teachers training so as to enhance their skills in curriculum implementation. This curriculum operated before colonialism in Africa is termed informal curriculum "Just as education is old as Man himself in Africa”, the curriculum is such old. Since when Nigeria got independence, teachers have contributed immensely to the overall socioeconomic growth of Nigeria, hence, their impacts on the national development cannot be underestimated because through them the implementation of education program and policy and curriculum has been translated and as well implemented in the interest of the nation’s education system. A curriculum is a set of courses, course work and topics, offered in schools. Some of the facilitators lack the needed skills to function at that capacity hence,  they lack the skills of ensuring that school curriculum are implemented effectively or what I may call the most possible way for optimal result. The team comprises professionals and Consultants from different fields of human endeavour. Some teachers are soused to how they previously taught their subject. Curriculum implementation cannot take place without the learner. Informal early … This low rate of enrollment to basic education in Nigeria has further increased illiteracy level in Nigeria. CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION: FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TOWARDS CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT IN ZIMBABWE HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM Dr. Kurasha Primrose Vice Chancellor Zimbabwe Open University, Zimbabwe Chabaya Raphinos Alexander Regional Campus Director, ZOU, Zimbabwe Cite this Paper: Primrose, K. & Alexander, C. R. (2013) Curriculum development and implementation… Political factor. Thecurriculum is planned set of activities.• The process of curriculum is a web of moraland intellectual purposes and beliefs whichultimately define the political economic andsocial arrangements of any society.. Implementation scholars exhibit wide differences on a number of crucial issues. This includes the definition of curriculum, five … There is a great disparity between policies formulated by government and the actual implementation of these policies. Weak Strategy. In attempting to describe a time so proximate, faculty run the risk of either overlooking what will become an enduring feature of the time or underestimating the difficulty in winnowing the significant issues from the irrelevant ones. The curriculum in Nigeria is only reviewed when there is an obvious problem observed. Some of these challenges are particularly unique to rural communities. When teachers are not actively involved in the planning of the curriculum, a problem builds up since it is these teachers that interact with the students, know what they need and in what proportion, and actually make use of the curriculum. They are usually holders of great financial resources and may influence the political structure of our country. By this i mean instructional materials which is yet another problem when it comes to the issue of school curriculum implementation. You cannot give what you do not have. The issues that are currently influencing curriculum development can be explicated. google_ad_slot = "9979770738"; At the same time, if a school is situated in not the best place on earth then it’s highly possible that the school may change the whole curriculum to support the interest of learners. This is due to the fact that this model takes into cognizance the flows of other models. Questionnaire … Nigerian Women's Issues. Be knowledgeable about an integrated definition of curriculum implementation 2. The Concept of Curriculum Implementation What is curriculum implementation. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Teachers, the curriculum implementation facilitators ought to have a clear picture of what impact the curriculum will have on the student, teachers, and also in terms of socioeconomic growth of this nation. The findings also indicate that lack of resources impact negatively on the implementation of curriculum reform in teaching and learning of science in many under-resourced schools in rural areas. Be able to describe the interrelationship among the five … In servicing of teachers was lacking. curriculum implementation decisions if we are to meet the needs of all learners. Therefore, the paper … Students are the central figure of any curriculum development. Challenges of implementing the School curriculum in Nigeria. 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Different examination bodies have their different standards and techniques, not to talk of approaches to questions. – Lack of Instructional Materials The learner is therefore the central figure in the curriculum implementation … And in the 6-3-3-4 education system, I think one of the objects of that system was that those set of students who would not be able to make up to secondary school can divert into vocational or technical education. There is a problem on how to adequately meet the needs of these bodies. Today increase in knowledge has posed numerous challenges in developing school curriculum lest alone in implementing same. Once there is change in the system the existing curriculum will become obsolete and eventually there would be need for a new curriculum to be developed. 1. to curriculum imbalance, wasted work effort, personal unhappiness, and human pathology. Background: The School Health Program (SHP) contributes to overall goals and purposes of health and education of the school-age children who constitute about 23% of Nigerian population. Hence, with time, Nigerian students would be able to at least keep up with the pace the curriculum is running at. There should be a departure of what we have now, as to applying modern technology in learning and teaching. Another factor that affects curriculum development is the frequent changes in educational policies. Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria E-mail: joel_okogu@yahoo.com ABSTRACT The study investigated the factors affecting the effective implementation of Social Studies curriculum in Teachers' Training Colleges inDelta State. RTI and the implementation of five curricular components Learner Outcomes After reading this chapter, you should: 1. Implementation of curriculum is also affected by the school environment. It’s important to understand that curriculum implementation in Nigeria is not possible without students. This is an opportunity to create a roadmap with broad buy in and … implementation and 3. nonstatutory variables affecting implementation. Therefore the noncompliance of modern information and communication technology in teaching and learning school subjects in Nigeria perhaps is another hampering effect to the implementation of school curriculum in Nigeria. Most schools had a number of teachers employed on B.O.M. However, taking a critical look at the policy of universal basic education which is free and compulsory, some of the schools in Nigeria are charging students of registration fee and sometimes examination fee,  one can see in the case of this policy what has been transpired already in some schools, so if good and relevant measure is not put in place to check this policy, the object of the policy can be defeated. The 6-5-4 system also came, and so many others. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Journal of Education and Practice www. Therefore, culture may provide various interesting decisions in implementing curriculum in Nigeria. Culture and ideology may also change the implementation of curriculum in schools. The whole process The Role of Information and Communication Technology ICT in Nigeria. For example, with the introduction of International Financial reporting standard, and a change in some methods if accounting, some accounting teachers who have been teachers all their life, would still cling to their old methods of teaching. Having proper curriculum makes for a sound educational and academic sector because the students will be taught with respect to recent happenings and developments. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; The teachers' main assignment in the school is the implementation of the curriculum. Up until 2008, the school system and curriculum were muddled and confusing for both teachers and students. The official learning process is quite different from the one that is prescribed by the ideas of country. – poor reading culture A well developed school curriculum should serve the purpose of addressing problems and as well improve program such that can lead to the successful implementation of school curriculum. Curriculum implementation is greatly drawn back by the lack of finance because workshops and seminars that are necessary to sensitize teachers and educationists across the country cost a lot of money. The country in 2015 had a youth literacy rate of 72.8 percent and an adult literacy rate of 59.6 percent compared to global rates of 90.6 percent and 85.3 percent … Journal of. One factor that plays a primary role is the excessive number of temporary and or part time teachers. – Poor learning conditions. Read Also: The Role of Information and Communication Technology ICT in Nigeria. The process involves helping the learner acquire knowledge or experience. 1.2.3 School Development Planning Support (Primary) The School Development Planning Support (SDPS) initiative was org ISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online) Vol 3, No 15, 2012 127 The Challenges of Curriculum Implementation in Nigeria Teacher Education Odey Edward Ogar,* Effiong, Abigail Aniefiok Department of Curriculum and Teaching, Faculty of Education,University of Calabar, Cross River State,Nigeria. The Nigerian state over time has came with different education policies starting from 6-5-6 system of education to that of 6-3-3-4 system up to the present education system of 9-3-4. Teachers in the development of curriculum in Cross River State, Nigeria is provided as general information only aware! Successful program implementation Planning Support ( Primary ) the school development Planning (! 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