Thank you for your patience as we work on getting it back online. on. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. Distinctive features: Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is a perennial, spreading grass from one foot tall in spring to six or eight feet tall in fall. Once established, controlling and managing cordgrass is extremely difficult and expensive. Created by Brenda Bowling, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Spartina alterniflora (Smooth Cordgrass) 1-8 ft August - October Scirpus ... Scientific name Annotated ... Common name Plant height Blooming period This basic field guide illustrates the most common plants in Virginia’s tidal salt marshes where the salinity range is between 10-25 ppt. 2020. scientific name or synonym equals "Spartina alterniflora" ... Searching For: scientific name or synonym equals "Spartina alterniflora" Refine Search: Hide. – smooth cordgrass – Atlantic coasts of North and South America, West Indies Natural range. Scientific Name; SPALG: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. (No picture) Common names. Find out how. [web application]. Nursery Availability Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. ), or other grasses like saltgrass (distichlis spicata), tufted hairgrass (deschampsia caespitosa), or American dunegrass (leymus mollis). S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers. Class: Monocotyledonae. Location Status Classification. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. on. Poaceae, Poales, Liliopsida, Magnoliophyta. It also has been reported in Jefferson, Kitsap, and Mason Counties, and small populations were recently located near the mouth of the Columbia River. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Flower Info; Sightings; It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. Other scientific names. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Mowing spartina repeatedly also has reduced larger infestations. off. This grass out competes native plant species, including rare and endangered plant species, reducing marsh biodiversity and ecology functions. Do not purchase, plant, or trade this species. Grasses like spartina have hollow stems that distinguish them from sedges. For comments, suggestions or to report errors: txmarspecies@comcast.net, Emergent vegetation, grass; found in the intertidal zone; leaves wider than other. The name change won't grow very easily on the millions of coastal residents for whom "spartina" has become synonymous with Southeastern coastal life. Diking may be used as a way to confine the lateral spread of rhizomes. « Back to Records. Spartina alterniflora was introduced to the Yancheng coastal intertidal zone in 1979 (Xu et al., 1989), and a continuous area of S. alterniflora has formed since 2000. Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Invasive Species: Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Smooth cordgrass is a perennial grass that is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of North America but is invasive along the Pacific Coast. Higher taxon. Spartina alterniflora. ex Bigelow) Fernald: SPALP: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. Scientific Name Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Name Authority; Spartina alterniflora var. Preferred name: Spartina alterniflora ; Authority: Loiseleur ; Notes. Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Clumps of cordgrass or seeds can break off and wash across bays and root in new areas. The word Spartina is derived from σπαρτίνη (spartínē), the Greek word for a cord made from Spanish broom (Spartium junceum). – cordgrass. Habitat. Summary of Invasiveness. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. No. … Spartina alterniflora var. Scientific names are presented in taxonomic groupings to the Order, except for the Monera and Fungi, which are presented only by Phylum. Species. Saltwater to brackish marshes in intertidal zone. Rhizomes, a type of underground stem, spread outwards from a cordgrass plant in all directions. 1916. alterniflora : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina glabra var. Common Name Smooth Cordgrass Group Monocotyledon Family Poaceae (Gramineae) Wetland Indicator Category OBL Growth Form Rhizomatous perennial grass with robust aerial stems, forming dense colonies Habitat Saline or brackish marshes. BASIONYM: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Official website for Spartina 449, an upscale women’s handbag and accessory company, featuring linen and leather handbags, accessories, jewelry and more. In a presentation at the N.C. Museum of Natural Sciences Nature Research Center in Raleigh, North Carolina, I cited a new Latin binomial, Sporobolus alterniflorus, for our well-known smooth cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora. Fernald: SPAL8: Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) Also the leaves of the gulf cordgrasses are stiff and very pointy. glabra (Bigelow) Fernald: Spartina glabra: Bigelow: Seed and flower heads are the most reliable way to distinguish between different species of grasses. (Poaceae) alterniflora Loisel. any name or code. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. WSSA list of weeds in North America. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Search. Find records where . Subordinate Taxa. It since has spread, vigorously colonizing intertidal saltwater areas as well as the perimeters of freshwater areas. Pop the word in … Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, Columbia Basin Cooperative Weed Management Area, Invasive Species Research, Control, and Policy Forums, Washington’s Urban Forest Pest Readiness Plan, Lake Roosevelt Invasive Mussel Rapid Response Exercise, Scotch Broom Ecology and Management Symposium, Joseph BiTomaso, University of California – Davis, Bugwood.org, Wendy Brown, Department of Natural Resources, Leaves have flat blades and can be 1/4 to 3/5 inch wide and 12 to 20 inches long, Ligules, the outgrowth from the sheath of the leaf blade, consist of a fringe of hairs, Flowers grow from 4 to 16 inches tall and about 1/3 to 1 inch wide, each made up of 5 to 30 flowering spikes. Attendees met the citation with expressions of surprise, angst, disappointment, disgust and disbelief. 5 In areas of Washington, such as Padilla Bay, S. alterniflora appears to grow at lower tidal elevations than native salt marsh species; no other plants are found on the seaward side of S. alterniflora (Balthuis and Scott 1993; Wiggins and Binney 1987).Spartina usually occurs in a single species stand, although there can be community overlap at the edge of some salt marshes Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora : Common Name: Smooth Cordgrass: Plant Type: Deciduous: Height: 2- 5 feet: Spread: 2 -3 feet: Bloom time: Summer: Light Exposure: As of 2011, species include: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. common cordgrass. P.M. Peterson & Saarela Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. As such, it is no surprise that this classification change has been slow to catch on in Coastal South Carolina. The Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board has listed spartina as a Class A noxious weed. Copyright 2012-2020. For over two hundred years, Smooth Cordgrass has been referenced in the genus Spartina. Inspired by colorful Daufuskie Island, South Carolina, Spartina 449 is carried in more than 1,500 specialty retail and boutique shops nationwide and abroad. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. smooth cordgrass. is similar to:...Add additional search terms. Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. Scientific Name. Seedlings can be hand pulled or covered with a geotextile fabric. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. There are no related plants for species Spartina alterniflora. Spartina alterniflora. var. : Page(s): ... Any Name or TSN: Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Species. In its native range, it is beloved by environmentalists. Yes. (Gramineae). Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Cordgrass is in parts in Puget Sound, Grays Harbor, and Willapa Bay. The PRISM system is currently down. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Spartina . Cordgrass reduces open mud feeding habitats of shorebirds, competes with indigenous salt marsh vegetation, and alters the hydrology, structure, and function of wetlands. Spartina may resemble native sedges (carex spp. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Spartina glabra var. off. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Scientific Name: Spartina Schreber. pilosa (Merr.) Spartina anglica. New plants can grow from the outstretched rhizomes, eventually forming large patches. You can help prevent the spread of invasive species! Related Plants. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. var. Spartina alterniflora : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: Journal/Book Name, Vol. Spartina glabra ABBREVIATION : SPAALT SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : SPAL COMMON NAMES : smooth cordgrass saltmarsh cordgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for smooth cordgrass is Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. Ecosystems. Smooth cordgrass came to Washington in the late 1800s, either in shipments of oysters from the East Coast or as packing material in ships’ cargo. glabra (Muhl. A planthopper (prokelisia marginata), was released in Washington in 2000 as a biological control agent for smooth cordgrass and it has significantly reduced seed survival at some sites. Eastern North America, Caribbean islands, eastern South America. Spartina Schreb. Those classifications were largely based on visible features of plants, where species were grouped together … Within Order, scientific names are presented ... Spartina alterniflora Smooth cordgrass Spartina patens Salt-marsh hay Spartinaspp. Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. But how well did we really know our plant friend when we didn’t even have its name right? Much to our surprise, Spartina alterniflora was recently renamed as Sporobolus alterniflorus. The leaves of the smooth cordgrass are usually open and flat except in extremely dry conditions. Common Names. The leaves of the marshhay and gulf cordgrasses are usually rolled inward. Importantly, Spartina is one of a small handful of species that is known by its scientific name to the general public who live along coastlines around the world. Saltmarsh cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass, smooth cordgrass. By 2017, the width of S. alterniflora was 1.88 km, the length was 12.90 km and the area was 3,925 ha. Name Spartina alterniflora was 1.88 km, the length was 12.90 km and area... 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