It is interesting Scrivener, who put together the version of the Textus Receptus that is used almost universally today (see the Trinitarian Bible Society edition, for example) carefully noted… The TR is, thus, a distinct textual tradition that differs from both the M-Text and the Modern Critical Text. F.H.A. The Critical Text refers to a Greek text of the New Testament that is based on a combination of the earliest and most accurate manuscripts available. While many such readings were corrected in later editions, others persisted throughout the TR tradition, and thus found their way into the KJV. For about a century most have followed a Critical Text (so called because it is edited according to specific principles of textual criticism) which depends heavily upon the Alexandrian type of text. Inerrancy, the modern Critical Text, and the question of which edition of the Textus Receptus is Perfect. MT = Majority text. It is extremely common for King James Only advocates to conflate the “Majority Text” (M-Text) with the “Textus Receptus” (TR), or the tradition of printed Greek texts behind the King James Version. Mark 3:15 The Textus Receptus includes "to heal sicknesses" as one of the powers given to the Twelve. And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one,” (1 John 5:7-8, KJV). P46, P66). Still, King James Only literature often cites such inconsequential differences between the KJV and modern translations and either tries to make them seem more significant than they are or else points out that, since every single word of Scripture is inspired, even minor differences that have little to no impact on the meaning of the text are still a very big deal because God inspired not only the meaning but also the precise wording or Scripture. Note that this reading begins and ends the same as the TR, but lacks the whole section in the middle “it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks. Answer: The Critical Text is a Greek text of the New Testament that draws from a group of ancient Greek manuscripts and their variants in an attempt to preserve the most accurate wording possible. It was not until 1881 that two Cambridge scholars, B. F. Westcott and F. J. It seems to be a carryover from the Latin, where it was perhaps added as an interpolation. The Textus Receptus was compiled and edited by Erasmus in the 16th century. These manuscripts come from Egypt and are witnesses of the Alexandrian text-type. The goal is to provide the most accurate, earliest text possible based on all available manuscripts. It seems to be a harmonization with a passage later in the book. 140–52). King James Onlyists tend to make a huge deal out of any difference whatsoever between the KJV and modern translations.... by Matt Slick | Dec 21, 2020 | Adidam, Minor Groups & Issues. Why Some Evangelicals Prefer the 'Textus Receptus' Over the Critical Text 5:00PM EDT 4/18/2017 James F. Linzey and Verna M. Linzey First quarto of King James Bible, which was translated from the "Textus Receptus." Here are the details: Debate 1: Resolved: Mark 16:9-20 is not original or inspired and should not be not be received as the Word of GodOctober 2 (Friday) 7pm CSTJames White affirmative & Jeff Riddle negative, Debate 2: Resolved: The TR reading of Ephesians 3:9 is original and inspired and should be received as the Word of GodOctober 3 (Saturday) 10am CSTJeff Riddle affirmative & James White negative. Textus Receptus (TR) - It's a Latin phrase meaning "received text." There are also some passages of significant length or substance (as with those mentioned above) but even these do not undermine any doctrine of the Christian faith. Reply to this topic; Start new topic; Recommended Posts. The Arrival of the Critical Text and the Last Nail in the Coffin of the Textus Receptus From 1550, the New Testament Greek text was in bondage to the popularity of the Textus Receptus as though the latter were inspired itself, and no textual scholar would dare make changes regardless of the evidence found in older, more accurate manuscripts that later became known. The second of the 2 part TR vs. CT debate between Dr. Jeffery Riddle and Dr. James White on the Ephesians 3:9. It was the most commonly used text type for Protestant denominations. Acts 19:16 (ASV) And the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, and mastered both of them, and … Thank you for your interest in supporting CARM. It's trying to be the best that can be recreated given what's currently known. Codex Sinaiticus (קודקס סינאיטיקוס, Σιναϊτικός Κώδικας; Shelfmarks and references: London, Brit. As we know, the KJV translators used as their Greek text a compilation prepared by the Dutch Roman Catholic Erasamus in the 16th century - the so-called Textus Receptus (We know that Erasmus was not entirely faithful to the text used by the Eastern Church - even though the Textus Receptus is referred to as a "Byzantine" text - and we know also that he translated many passages that … Thus, the NU often differs with the M-Text, but almost always based on how early and/or diverse the testimony for the minority reading is. While Erasmus himself was a Catholic priest, the Bible believing Protestant Bengel (1687-1752) as well as Tischendorf (1815-1874) criticized the . Majority Greek Text vs ... also called the Novum Testamentum Graece or Critical Text. In Matthew 1:7-8, the critical text (CT) affirms twice that the scribe Asaph (∆Asa¿f), rather than king Asa (∆Asa¿), was the ancestor of Christ. Textus Receptus vs. Texto Critico-Dr. Joaquin Hurtado - Duration: 3:26. It also helps to show how often, on the one hand, the M-Text and the NU agree against the TR and, on the other hand, how often the TR actually agrees with the NU (and thus with modern translations) in favoring a minority reading over against the Majority Text. Majority Text vs. Critical Text vs. Textus Receptus – Textual Criticism 101 Berean Patriot March 18, 2020 Faith Articles 32 Comments There are three major competing Greek sources to use for translating the New Testament: the Critical Text, the Majority Text, and the Textus Receptus. This means the Byzantine text would have predated the Codex Vaticanus. I think not.”, Luke 17:36 M-text and NU both lack this entire verse, Luke 19:29 M-text reads “Bethsphage” rather than “Bethphage”, Luke 20:19 M-text reads “were afraid” rather than “feared the people”, Luke 20:31 M-text and NU both read “also left no children” rather than “also; and they left no children”, Luke 22:60 M-text and NU both read “a rooster” rather than “the rooster”, Luke 23:25 M-text and NU both lack “to them”, John 1:28 M-text and NU both read “Bethany” rather than “Bethabara”, John 2:17 M-text and NU both read “will eat” rather than “has eaten”, John 2:22 M-text and NU both lack “to them”, John 6:45 M–text reads “hears and had learned” rather than “has heard and learned”, John 7:16 M-text and NU both read “So Jesus” rather than just “Jesus”, John 7:33 M-text and NU both lack “to them”, John 8:2 M-text reads “very early” rather than just “early”, John 8:4 M-text reads “we found this woman” rather than “this woman was caught”, John 8:5 M-text and NU both read “to stone such” rather than “that such should be stoned.” M-text also reads “in our law Moses commanded” rather than “Moses, in the law, commanded,” and “What do you say about her?” rather than just “What do you say?”, John 8:6 M-text and NU both lack “as though he did not hear”, John 8:7 M-text reads “He looked up” rather than “He raised Himself up”, John 8:9 M-text and NU both lack “being convicted by their conscience”, John 8:10 M-text reads “He saw her and said” rather than “and saw no one but the woman, He said” (the NU lacks this clause entirely), M-text and NU both lack “of yours” after “accusers”, John 8:11 M-text and NU both read “go, and from now on sin no more” rather than just “go and sin no more”, John 8:54 M-text and NU both read “our” instead of “your”, John 13:25 M-text and NU both read “thus back” rather then just “back”, John 16:3 M-text and NU both lack “to you”, John 16:15 M-text and NU both read “takes of Mine and will declare” rather than “will take of mine and declare”, John 16:33 M-text and NU both read “you have tribulation” rather than “you will have tribulation”, John 17:2 M-text reads “shall give eternal life” rather than “should give eternal life”, John 17:11 M-text and NU both read “keep them through Your name which You have given me” rather than “keep through Your name those whom you have given me”, John 17:20 M-text and NU both read “those who believe” rather than “those who will believe”, John 18:15 M-text reads “the other” rather than “another”, John 19:28 M-text reads “seeing” rather than “knowing”, John 20:29 M-text and NU both lack “Thomas”, Acts 3:20 M-text and NU both read “Christ Jesus” rather than “Jesus Christ” and “ordained for you before” rather than “preached to you before”, Acts 5:23 M-text and NU both lack “outside”, Acts 5:25 M-text and NU both lack “saying”, Acts 5:41 M-text reads “the name of Jesus” rather than “His name” (NU reads “the name”), Acts 7:37 M-text and NU both lack “Him you shall hear”, Acts 8:37 M-text and NU both lack this entire verse, Acts 9:5-6 M-text and NU both lack “‘it is hard for you to kick against the goads.’ So he, trembling and astonished, said, ‘Lord, what do You want me to do?’ Then the Lord said to him'”, Acts 10:6 M-text and NU both lack “He will tell you what you must do”, Acts 10:21 M-text and NU both lack “who had been sent to him from Cornelius”, Acts 10:39 M-text and NU both read “they also” rather than just “they”, Acts 12:25 M-text and NU both read “to Jerusalem” rather than “From Jerusalem”, Acts 13:23 M-text reads “salvation” rather than “a Savior – Jesus”, Acts 15:11 M-text and NU both lack “Christ”, Acts 15:22 M-text and NU both read “Barsabbas” rather than “Barsabas”, Acts 15:34 M-text and NU both lack this entire verse, Acts 17:5 M-text lacks “becoming envious”, Acts 17:18 M-text and NU both read “Also” rather than “then”, Acts 19:16 M-text reads “and they overpowered them” rather than just “overpowered them”, Acts 20:8 M-text and NU both read “we” rather than “they”, Acts 20:28 M-text reads “of the Lord and God” rather just “of God”, Acts 24:9 M-text and NU both read “joined the attack” rather than “assented”, Acts 24:20 M-text and NU both read “what wrongdoing they found” rather than “if they found any wrongdoing”, Acts 27:17 M-text reads “Syrtes” rather than “Syrtis”, M-text places Romans 16:25-27 between Romans 14:23 and 15:1, Romans 15:7 M-text and NU both read “you” rather than “us”, Romans 15:14 M-text reads “others” rather than “one another”, Romans 16:18 M-text and NU both lack “Jesus”, 1 Corinthians 11:27 M-text and NU read “the blood” rather than just “blood”, 1 Corinthians 12:2 M-text and NU both read “that when you were” rather than just “that you were”, 1 Corinthians 15:39 M-text and NU both lack “of flesh”, 1 Corinthians 15:49 M-text reads “let us also bear” rather than “we shall also bear”, 2 Corinthians 1:11 M-text reads “your behalf” rather than “our behalf”, 2 Corinthians 2:17 M-text reads “the rest” rather than “so many”, 2 Corinthians 8:4 M-text and NU both read “urgency for the favor and fellowship” rather than “urgency that we would receive the gift and the fellowship”, 2 Corinthians 8:24 M-text and NU lack “and”, Galatians 4:24 M-text and NU both read “two covenants” rather than “the two covenants”, Ephesians 1:10 M-text and NU both lack “both”, Ephesians 1:18 M-text and NU read “hearts” rather than “understanding”, Ephesians 3:9 M-text and NU both read “stewardship” rather than “fellowship”, Ephesians 4:6 M-text reads “us” rather than “you” (NU has no pronoun here), Philippians 1:23 M-text and NU both read “but” rather than “for”, Philippians 3:3 M-text and NU both read “in the spirit of God” rather than “God in Spirit”, Philippians 4:3 M-text and NU both read “Yes” rather than “and”, Colossians 1:6 M-text and NU both read “bringing forth fruit and growing” rather than just “bringing forth fruit”, Colossians 1:14 M-text and NU both lack “through His blood”, Colossians 1:27 M-text reads “who” rather than “which”, Colossians 2:20 M-text and NU both lack “therefore”, 1 Thessalonians 2:2 M-text and NU both lack “even”, 1 Thessalonians 2:11 M-text and NU read “implored” rather than “charged”, 2 Thessalonians 1:10 M-text and NU read “have believed” rather than “believe”, 2 Thessalonians 3:6 M-text and NU both read “they” rather than “he”, 1 Timothy 5:4 M-text and NU both lack “good and”, 1 Timothy 6:5 M-text and NU both read “constant friction” rather than “useless wrangling”, 2 Timothy 1:1 M-text and NU both read “Christ Jesus” rather than “Jesus Christ”, 2 Timothy 1:18 M-text and NU both lack “unto me”, 2 Timothy 2:19 M-text and NU both read “the Lord” rather than “Christ”, Titus 2:8 M-text and NU both read “us” rather than “you”, Philemon 6 M-text and NU read “us” rather than “you”, Philemon 7 M-text reads “thanksgiving” rather than “joy”, Hebrews 2:7 M-text and NU both lack “And set him over the works of Your hands”, Hebrews 4:2 M-text and NU both read “since they were not united by faith with those who heeded it” rather than “not being mixed with faith in those who heard it.”, Hebrews 6:3 M-text reads “let us do” rather than “we will do”, Hebrews 10:9 M-text and NU both lack “O God”, Hebrews 11:13 M-text and NU both lack “were assured of them”, Hebrews 11:26 M-text and NU both read “of Egypt” rather than “in Egypt”, Hebrews 12:7 M-text and NU both read “It is for discipline that you endure” rather than “If ye endure chastising”, Hebrews 12:20 M-text and NU both lack “or thrust through with a dart”, Hebrews 13:9 M-text and NU both read “away” rather than “about”, Hebrews 13:21 M-text and NU both read “us” rather than “you”, James 4:12 M-text and NU both read “but who” rather than just “who”, James 4:13 M-text reads “let us” rather than “we will”, James 5:9 M-text and NU both read “judged” rather than “condemned”, James 5:12 M-text reads “hypocrisy” rather than “judgment”, 1 Peter 1:8 M-text reads “known” rather than “seen”, 1 Peter 1:12 M-text and NU both read “you” rather than “us”, 1 Peter 2:21 M-text and NU both read “you” rather than “us”, 1 Peter 3:18 M-text and NU both read “you” rather than “us”, 1 Peter 5:8 M-text and NU both lack “because”, 1 Peter 5:10 M-text and NU both read “you” rather than “us”, 2 Peter 2:3 M-text reads “will not” rather than “does not”, 2 Peter 3:2 M-text reads “the apostles of your Lord and Savior” or “your apostles of the Lord and Savior” rather than “the apostles of the Lord and Saviour”, 1 John 1:4 M-text and NU both read “our” rather than “your”, 1 John 3:1 M-text reads “you” rather than “us”, 1 John 5:4 M-text reads “your” rather than “our”, 1 John 5:7-8 M-text and NU both lack all of verse 7, begin verse 8 with “there are three” and lack the words “in earth”, 2 John 1:2 M-text and NU both read “us” rather than “you”, 3 John 1:11 M-text and NU both lack “but”, Jude 12 M-text and NU both read “along” rather than “about”, Jude 24 M-test reads “them” rather than “you”. The Textus Receptus says "And as soon as he had spoken," which makes it clearer that Jesus' healing power comes from the power of his spoken word rather than from other mystical sources. Revelation 1:6 M-text and NU both read “a kingdom” rather than “kings”, Revelation 1:8 M-text and NU both lack “the beginning and the end” and read “the Lord God” rather than just “the Lord”, Revelation 1:9 M-text and NU both lack “both”, Revelation 1:11 M-text and NU both lack “‘I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last,’ and” and also lack “which are in Asia”, Revelation 1:19 M-text and NU both read “Therefore write” rather than just “Write”, Revelation 1:20 M-text and NU both lack “which you saw”, Revelation 2:15 M-text and NU both lack “which thing I hate”, Revelation 2:19 M-text and NU both read “faith, and service” rather than “service, and faith”, Revelation 2:20 M-text reads “your wife Jezebel” rather than “that woman Jezebel”, M-test and NU both read “teaches and seduces” rather than “to teach and seduce”, Revelation 2:21 M-text and NU both read “and she does not want to repent of her sexual immorality” rather than “of her fornication; and she repented not”, Revelation 2:22 M-text and NU both read “her” rather than “their”, Revelation 2:24 M-text and NU both lack “and” before “unto the rest in Thyatira” and “will” before “put upon you”, Revelation 3:2 M-text and NU both read “My God” rather than just “God”, Revelation 3:4 M-text and NU both “Nevertheless, thou” rather than just “Thou” and lack “even” before “in Sardis”, Revelation 3:8 M-text and NU both read “which no one can shut” rather than “and no man can shut it”, Revelation 3:11 M-text and NU both lack “Behold”, Revelation 3:14 M-text and NU both read “in Laodicea” rather than “of the Laodiceans”, Revelation 3:16 M-text and NU both read “hot nor cold” rather than “cold nor hot”, Revelation 4:4 M-text and NU both read “with crowns” rather than “and they had crowns”, Revelation 4:5 M-text and NU both read “voices and thunderings” rather than “thunderings and voices,” M-text also lacks “the” before “seven Spirits of God”, Revelation 4:6 M-text and NU both read “something like a sea of glass” rather than just “a sea of glass”, Revelation 4:8 M-text has “holy” nine times rather than three, Revelation 4:11 M-text and NU both read “our Lord and God” rather than “O Lord” and “existed” rather than “exist”, Revelation 5:4 M-text and NU both lack “and read”, Revelation 5:5 M-text and NU both lack “to loose”, Revelation 5:6 M-text and NU both read “I saw in the midst” rather than “, Revelation 5:10 M-text and NU both read “them” rather than “us” and “they” rather than “we”, Revelation 5:13 M-text concludes the verse with “Amen”, Revelation 5:14 M-text and NU both lack “twenty-four” and “Him who liveth for ever and ever”, Revelation 6:1 M-text and NU both read “seven seals” rather than just “seals”, Revelation 6:3 M-text and NU both lack “and see”, Revelation 6:12 M-text and NU both lack “behold” and read “the whole moon” rather than just “the moon”, Revelation 6:15 M-text and NU both read “the chief captains, the rich men” rather than “the rich men, the chief captains”. What the KJV and all major modern translations call Romans 16:25-27 is not found at the end of Chapter 16, but instead is written in between 14:23 and 15:1. TextusReceptus,Stephanus 1550edition. Many of these dots point to variants that only exist in Byzantine texts (the text behind the Textus Receptus). In the case of 1 John 5:7-8, however, the NU and the M-text are in perfect agreement. Variations between Textus Receptus and Majority Text. Other Greek texts besides the Critical Text used for producing English Bibles are the Majority Text and the Textus Receptus. "the text we have, now received by all": the words from the Elzevier 1633 edition, in Latin, from which the term "Textus Receptus" was derived. This list is far from exhaustive, but is representative of many of the various types of differences that occur. During that story, the KJV tells us: “And he said, Who art thou, Lord? Even among those that can be translated, most are simple matters of word order (like “Christ Jesus” versus “Jesus Christ”) or mere spelling conventions, often of names (“Bethsphage” versus “Bethphage” or “Barsabbas” versus “Barsabas”). Later, in chapter 16, it ends with the verses: “Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began, But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith: To God only wise, be glory through Jesus Christ for ever. As Textual Critic Dan Wallace observes: Even so, the oldest manuscripts, being of the Alexandrian text-type, are the most favored, and the critical text has an Alexandrian disposition. The NU (and thus modern translations based on it) agree with the KJV here. 1.) 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